Alfalfa is the plant that gives the highest amount of crude protein per unit area (1,980 kg / ha) and 18-20% crude protein in dry matter, 50% more than soybeans and 60% more than corn grains. These are just some of the strengths that make alfalfa one of the most profitable crops.
Due to this, many people think about cultivating alfalfa, some of them being at the first experience of this kind. As profitable as it is, there are some mistakes that should be avoided, so that this culture does not bring significant losses to those who decide to embrace it.
The number one mistake to avoid is choosing alfalfa growing areas. Areas with high, rocky altitudes, soils with a high degree of erosion should be avoided.
The number 2 mistake is choosing soils with poorly fertile soils and acidic pH. Before setting up the crop, it is recommended to perform a soil analysis to determine its quality.
Mistake number 3 is the preparation of the germination bed and the sowing technique. Good soil shredding, compaction before sowing, as well as careful adjustment of the sowing depth (1 – 1.5 cm) are crucial details in the success of alfalfa growers.
Mistake number 4 is not monitoring the culture after sprouting. If you do not apply treatments with insecticides, fungicides and herbicides at the right time, you will be surprised to see that alfalfa plants will disappear from your fields.
The mistake number 5 is usually made by farmers who are very experienced in other agricultural crops, except alfalfa, who treat things superficially and do not get enough information about the basic rules for setting up this crop. In their case we have the following request:
„Dear collaborators, consult the people specialized in this culture, and we are at your service.”